Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies


An Historical Analysis of Reversal Theory Conference Presentations

Author: Kenneth Cramer, Nichole Summerfield, and Paige Goertzen Abstract: It has been suggested that reversal theory should endeavour to pursue more empirical studies (Cramer, 2013), yet continue to develop tools and applications; thus the present study examined the category of papers (N = 323) featured at reversal theory conferences from 1995–2015. Conference papers were divided into (initially […]

Reversals and the Pathway to Action

Author: Michael J. Apter Abstract: It will be argued that in reversal theory terms, the build-up to an action goes through five phases. The first is that of desire, represented by the ongoing array of motivational states. Secondly, there is an interpretation phase in which the individual assesses the possibilities for action. Here the individual’s lifeworld […]

Interprofessional Collaboration in Reversal Theory Science

Author: Amy Marie Poindexter and Kelli Lee Kramer-Jackman Abstract: Reversal theory has a long history of attracting a number of professionally diverse practitioners, educators, and scholars. This paper will discuss interprofessional collaboration in healthcare practice, education, and research; provide an analysis of the known publications utilizing reversal theory in order to determine historical interprofessional activity; and […]

Telic-paratelic Dominance and State Effects on Responses to Resistance and Endurance Exercise

Author: Yusuke Kuroda, Joanne Hudson, Rhys Thatcher, and Fabien Legrand Abstract: We examined the influence of opposite states of mind (the “telic” vs. “paratelic” state) and dominances (personality characteristics that reflect a preference for one of these states) on emotion and stress responses to exercise. Telic dominant participants completing resistance exercise in the telic state condition reported […]

Impact of Test-Taking Setting on Conformist-Negativistic States and Measures

Author: Mikaela Bevan & Kenneth M. Cramer Abstract: The rules domain from reversal theory describes how conformist and negativistic metamotivational states can affect how we perceive a given situation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the setting where participants completed a questionnaire impacts their conformist-negativistic states and/or their associated measures (both via […]

Ideology and Societal Values – Reversal Theory Perspective

Author: Michael J. Apter Abstract: The central theme of this theoretical paper is that although the motivations identified in reversal theory, and the values that relate to them, have been defined, and researched, largely in individual or small group terms, they can also be discerned at other, more general social levels of analysis. This is […]

Is Motivational Style Related to Sex or Gender Identity? A Study of Young Singaporeans

Author: Richard Howard Abstract: This study investigated whether individual diff erences in motivational style, as conceptualized and operationalized in reversal theory, are more closely linked to biological sex (male or female) or gender identity. The overarching hypothesis was that gender identity, but not sex, would be reflected in diff erent motivational styles. In a mixed-sex sample of Singaporean students, motivational style was measured […]

Architecture and the Protective Frame

Author: Sally Augustin and Michael J. Apter Abstract: Architecture and interior design can have a significant e ect on psychological state. Reversal theory helps to explain how and why design supports particular motivational and functional objectives — or fails to do so. Paratelic states require a protective frame; design can make it more likely that space-users in a paratelic state will […]

Understanding Reversal Theory: Six Critical Questions

Author: Michael J. Apter Abstract: This paper discusses reversal theory in a general way that brings out its key features and places it in the broadest context. What is the central idea of the theory? What is its essence? What kind of theory is it? How does it di er from other theories? Where did it come from in psychology and […]

Elaborating the Mastery State and the Confidence Frame

Author: Jonathan R. Males, John H. Kerr, Joanne Hudson Abstract:  The role of the mastery metamotivational state and the antecedents of the confidence frame have, until now, been poorly defined in reversal theory (RT) research. The purpose of this theoretical manuscript is to provide an elaboration of RT’s mastery state and more clearly define its […]

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