Empirically Verifying Metamotivational Moments: The Identification, Analysis, and Reassembly of Style Clusters

Author: Kenneth M. Cramer & Jessica Sartori. Abstract: This study identified metamotivational style clusters using (a) cluster analysis to derive four groups or clusters of respondents who completed the Motivational Style Profile, (b) ANOVA to analyze the style composition of each cluster, and (c) discriminant function analysis to reassemble the clusters based on prescribed subscale …

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Modelling motivational dynamics: demonstrating when, why, and how we self-regulate motivation

Author: Laura B. Thomas, Joanne Hudson, and Emily J. Oliver Abstract: Motivation quality affects the initiation and maintenance of behavior and physical and psychological health. Despite this, we understand little about how situational fluctuations occur and are regulated. In this paper we analyze the utility of applying basic psychological needs theory (a sub theory of self-determination theory) …

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Free Coding: A New Reversal Theory Methodology

Author: Michael Apter and Gareth Lewis Abstract: This paper introduces, illustrates, and discusses the possibility of a new way of organizing data in reversal theory research. In reversal theory, questionnaire items are often situations taken to represent motivational states, e.g. working on taxes may be supposed a priori to occur in the telic state and …

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Understanding Exercise Behavior and Dropout through Metamotivational Dominance, Exercise Identity, and Motives

Author: Rachel Rahman, Joanne Hudson & Stuart W. Flint Abstract: Despite literature exploring interventions and strategies to encourage exercise adoption and maintenance, the dropout rate of irregular exercisers, particularly within the first six months of adoption, continues to reduce the effectiveness of such interventions. Whilst a body of literature exists exploring the dropout profile of clinical …

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The Role of Meta-Motivational States in Sexual Risk-Taking Intentions During Condom Negotiation

Author: Shayna Skakoon-Sparling & Kenneth M. Cramer Abstract: The current study applied reversal theory to better understand the motivational factors that influence sexual health decision-making during condom negotiation among young men and women. Participants (N = 440) read a vignette describing a romantic sexual encounter with a hypothetical new partner and answered embedded questions related to …

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An Historical Analysis of Reversal Theory Conference Presentations

Author: Kenneth Cramer, Nichole Summerfield, and Paige Goertzen Abstract: It has been suggested that reversal theory should endeavour to pursue more empirical studies (Cramer, 2013), yet continue to develop tools and applications; thus the present study examined the category of papers (N = 323) featured at reversal theory conferences from 1995–2015. Conference papers were divided into (initially …

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Interprofessional Collaboration in Reversal Theory Science

Author: Amy Marie Poindexter and Kelli Lee Kramer-Jackman Abstract: Reversal theory has a long history of attracting a number of professionally diverse practitioners, educators, and scholars. This paper will discuss interprofessional collaboration in healthcare practice, education, and research; provide an analysis of the known publications utilizing reversal theory in order to determine historical interprofessional activity; and …

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Telic-paratelic Dominance and State Effects on Responses to Resistance and Endurance Exercise

Author: Yusuke Kuroda, Joanne Hudson, Rhys Thatcher, and Fabien Legrand Abstract: We examined the influence of opposite states of mind (the “telic” vs. “paratelic” state) and dominances (personality characteristics that reflect a preference for one of these states) on emotion and stress responses to exercise. Telic dominant participants completing resistance exercise in the telic state condition reported …

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Impact of Test-Taking Setting on Conformist-Negativistic States and Measures

Author: Mikaela Bevan & Kenneth M. Cramer Abstract: The rules domain from reversal theory describes how conformist and negativistic metamotivational states can affect how we perceive a given situation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the setting where participants completed a questionnaire impacts their conformist-negativistic states and/or their associated measures (both via …

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Ideology and Societal Values – Reversal Theory Perspective

Author: Michael J. Apter Abstract: The central theme of this theoretical paper is that although the motivations identified in reversal theory, and the values that relate to them, have been defined, and researched, largely in individual or small group terms, they can also be discerned at other, more general social levels of analysis. This is …

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