Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies


An Historical Analysis of Reversal Theory Conference Presentations

Author: Kenneth Cramer, Nichole Summerfield, and Paige Goertzen Abstract: It has been suggested that reversal theory should endeavour to pursue more empirical studies (Cramer, 2013), yet continue to develop tools and applications; thus the present study examined the category of papers (N = 323) featured at reversal theory conferences from 1995–2015. Conference papers were divided into (initially […]

Interprofessional Collaboration in Reversal Theory Science

Author: Amy Marie Poindexter and Kelli Lee Kramer-Jackman Abstract: Reversal theory has a long history of attracting a number of professionally diverse practitioners, educators, and scholars. This paper will discuss interprofessional collaboration in healthcare practice, education, and research; provide an analysis of the known publications utilizing reversal theory in order to determine historical interprofessional activity; and […]

Telic-paratelic Dominance and State Effects on Responses to Resistance and Endurance Exercise

Author: Yusuke Kuroda, Joanne Hudson, Rhys Thatcher, and Fabien Legrand Abstract: We examined the influence of opposite states of mind (the “telic” vs. “paratelic” state) and dominances (personality characteristics that reflect a preference for one of these states) on emotion and stress responses to exercise. Telic dominant participants completing resistance exercise in the telic state condition reported […]

Impact of Test-Taking Setting on Conformist-Negativistic States and Measures

Author: Mikaela Bevan & Kenneth M. Cramer Abstract: The rules domain from reversal theory describes how conformist and negativistic metamotivational states can affect how we perceive a given situation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the setting where participants completed a questionnaire impacts their conformist-negativistic states and/or their associated measures (both via […]

Ideology and Societal Values – Reversal Theory Perspective

Author: Michael J. Apter Abstract: The central theme of this theoretical paper is that although the motivations identified in reversal theory, and the values that relate to them, have been defined, and researched, largely in individual or small group terms, they can also be discerned at other, more general social levels of analysis. This is […]

An Empirical Evaluation of the Reversal Theory State Measure Using Three Running Brand Video Commercials

Author: Leo Watkins, Marcia Wilson, Mark McDermott, and Richard Buscombe Abstract: This paper reports on the first known empirical use of the Reversal Theory State Measure (RTSM) since its publication by Desselles et al. (2014). The RTSM was employed to track responses to three purposely-selected video commercials in a between-subjects design. Results of the study provide empirical support for the […]

Is Motivational Style Related to Sex or Gender Identity? A Study of Young Singaporeans

Author: Richard Howard Abstract: This study investigated whether individual diff erences in motivational style, as conceptualized and operationalized in reversal theory, are more closely linked to biological sex (male or female) or gender identity. The overarching hypothesis was that gender identity, but not sex, would be reflected in diff erent motivational styles. In a mixed-sex sample of Singaporean students, motivational style was measured […]

Characteristics of Pet Owners: Motivation and Need Fulfillment

Author: Kari A. Lustig, Kenneth M. Cramer Abstract:  Pets are a part of the lives of many people in the world today. This study builds on previous research on characteristics of pet owners and the needs satisfied by their pets. We analyzed the motivational dominances of cat and dog owners and their relationship to the needs […]

Respondent Self-Focus and the Internal Consistency of the Motivational Style Profile

Author: Kenneth M. Cramer, Kathryn D. Lafreniere, Phillip A. Ianni Abstract:  One of the underlying tenets of both personality and social psychological theory assumes that questionnaire respondents have access to their thoughts and feelings. The same tenet underlies the various reversal theory states (e.g., telic/paratelic, negativism/conformity, autic mastery/sympathy, alloic mastery/sympathy), so that individuals who are more […]

Development and Validation of an Implicit Measure of Meta-Motivational States

Author: Laura B. Thomas, Joanne Hudson, Emily J. Oliver Abstract: The development of an easily-administered, valid and reliable meta-motivational state measure, capable of assessing the full spectrum of states, is needed to further the understanding and application of reversal theory (Apter, 2013). The present paper outlines an adaptation of the Stroop protocol to implicitly measure meta-motivational states […]

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