Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies

Impact of Test-Taking Setting on Conformist-Negativistic States and Measures

Author: Mikaela Bevan & Kenneth M. Cramer

Abstract: The rules domain from reversal theory describes how conformist and negativistic metamotivational states can affect how we perceive a given situation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the setting where participants completed a questionnaire impacts their conformist-negativistic states and/or their associated measures (both via mean differences or enhanced internal consistency). Participants were 88 university students, randomly assigned to one of three testing conditions: (1) online participants completed the questionnaire package (consisting of four conformity measures) via the internet at a self-selected location; (2) on site alone participants completed the package on a solitary campus computer; and (3) on-site group participants completed the package on a computer alongside other participants. All four conformity measures performed adequately when tested in a group setting; however, there were no significant mean differences by setting. Directions for future research are discussed.

Link to Article2017-v6-02-TestTaking

DOI: 10.12689/jmep.2017.602

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