Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies

December, 2014

Bota: Facilitating a psychodiverse flight

Author: Ilaria Scarpellini Abstract: Bota is a personal water container for commercial air travel, which passengers can use and refill themselves at onboard water points. Passengers receive the empty container before take-off and can fill it at any point in mid-flight. When filled, the flexible water pouch needs to be held with two hands and squeezed to drink from it. The product has […]

Beyond Blue: a Novel In-flight Dinner Ritual

Author: Fleur A. van Midwoud Abstract: Beyond Blue is a food tray design for serving meals in intercontinental flights. Whereas conventional food trays are flat and cover most of the passenger’s tabletop, Beyond Blue is a foldable box that, when opened, changes into a stable tray of similar size as the conventional models. When closed, the box covers less than a third […]

Shareables: An in-flight gift system

Author: Roderick Huijgen Abstract: Shareables is a service concept in which flight attendants collect and distribute personalized gifts for air passengers. The service consists of two parts. The first part entails the collecting and sorting of appropriate gifts by a group of enthusiastic volunteers within the pool of flight attendants. These volunteers buy gifts that they find appropriate for the collection, in their […]

Redesigning the theme park queue

Author: Peter Blesgraaf Abstract: Wander is a theme-park waiting-system that was designed to provide visitors with a more positive and engaging experience of waiting for rides (e.g., rollercoasters or water rides). Instead of requiring visitors to wait in a physical queue, the system makes use of a virtual queue system. Visitors enter a waiting area belonging to a specific theme park ride […]

The Adventure of Hospitalization

Author: Freya Ruijs Abstract: The adventurer’s kit is a small suitcase that was designed for children (aged 3 to 6) who are hospitalized for a surgical procedure. The suitcase contains several playful items: a passport, a flag, a storybook and four sets of toys, each set representing a fictional character: Pip, Sophie, Charley, and Damian. The design intends to stimulate and enable the […]

Carousel of feelings: Reversal theory as a design tool

Authors: Fleur A. van Midwoud, Roderick G. Huijgen, Ilaria Scarpellini, Steven F. Fokkinga Abstract: This paper describes a design research project that aimed to find the best ways to convey reversal theory in a holistic way to designers, so that its principles could be applied in creating more eff ective and compelling products. Over a number of iterations, two games […]

Waiting Experience in Railway Environments

Authors: Mark Van Hagen, Mirjam Galetzka, Ad Th. Pruyn Abstract: At railway stations, waiting time is usually an unavoidable aspect of the journey for train passengers. According to the attentional model of time, pleasant surroundings and other forms of distraction reduce perceived waiting time. Not every individual reacts identically in the same surroundings. Passengers in diff erent states of mind […]

Found in Translation: Bringing Reversal Theory to Design for Play

Authors: Mathieu A. Gielen, Lieselotte van Leeuwen Abstract: In the design of objects for children’s play, support from psychology is often sought in general developmental overviews, typologies of play, and age-related performance and preference descriptions. These sources may give an insight into global aspects of child development but have limited utility for understanding the situated motivations of an individual child. […]

Reversal Theory from a Design Perspective

Authors: Steven Fokkinga and Pieter Desmet Abstract: Designers increasingly make use of psychological theory to understand a product’s user and to support their design e fforts. This paper considers how insights from reversal theory have informed and inspired design research and practice. We identify two key benefits of reversal theory over other theories: it o ers a dynamic rather than static, and […]

Towards a Theory of Things: Reversal Theory and Design

Author: Michael J. Apter   Abstract: The aim of this paper is to initiate the development of a “theory of things.” This would be a theory of the psychological impact that objects of various kinds have on people, especially on their motivation and emotions, and would call on reversal theory for its foundations. On the applied side, it would be […]

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