Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies

Putting Reversal Theory’s Model of Four Domains of Experience in the Hot Seat

Author: Etienne Mullet (1); Lonzozou Kpanake (2); Ornheilia Zounon (3); Myriam Guedj (3); and Maria Teresa Muñoz Sastre (3)
Organization: (1) Institute of Advanced Studies (EPHE), Paris, France; (2) TelUQ, University of Quebec at Montreal; and (3) University of Toulouse

Citation: Mullet, E., Kpanake, L., Zounon, O., Guedj, M., Munoz Sastre, M.T. 2014. Putting Reversal Theory’s Model of Four Domains of Experience in the Hot Seat. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality. Vol. 2, No. 1 (2014), pp. 1-9. DOI: 10.12689/jmep.2014.201

Abstract: We present, in a synthetic way, the main findings from a series of ten studies in the domain of health psychology. All of these studies have inventoried motives to perform or not perform a given health-related behavior (e.g., consulting a physician) without postulating any a priori motivational structure. As a result, the whole set of studies allowed testing the capacity of reversal theory’s model of four domains of experience to account for motivational data gathered in diff erent settings but on the common ground of health-related behavior. From five to ten factors were found in each study, and all these factors were classifiable in one or other of the twelve categories o ffered by the structure of four domains of experience when transactions and relationships were considered in combination. All factors posited by reversal theory were found except one; the only factor that was not found at least once was of the pro-autic kind. In some cases, two factors of motives had to be classified under the same rubric, which led to the suggestion that the relationship domain may perhaps be extended. Overall, our findings suggest that the four-domain model, and its associated ten mental states, encompass and surpass previous theories of human motivation.

Keywords: reversal theory, motivation, health psychology

DOI: 10.12689/jmep.2014.201

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