Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality

Reversal Theory Studies

Six Criteria of a Viable Theory: Putting Reversal Theory to the Test

Author: Kenneth M. Cramer
Organization: Psychology Department, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Citation: Kramer, K.M. 2013. Six Criteria of a Viable Theory: Putting Reversal Theory to the Test. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality. Vol. 1 (2013), pp. 9–16. DOI: 10.12689/jmep.2013.102.

Abstract: In the wake of differential quality of theories, where some outshine others by way of, for instance, scope of explained phenomena or track record of empirical support, I review a series of criteria to judge the merit of multiple theories. The six criteria include comprehensiveness, precision and testability, parsimony, empirical validity, and both heuristic and applied value. I then utilize these criteria to review various leading personality theories, and include among them – for comparison – meta-motivational Reversal Theory, which challenges the universality of stable traits and instead embraces the notion of changeable states according to circumstances. Finally, I offer the reader a graphic representation (via cluster analysis) of the partnerships and families that unite together various theories based on similar criteria of evaluation.

Keywords: theory evaluation, formal criteria, personality, meta-motivation, cluster analysis

DOI: 10.12689/jmep.2013.102

Link to Full Article

, , , ,

Comments are currently closed.